The bill was published with comments on September 9, 2020. The following day, on Thursday 10 September 2020, the Vice-President of the EU-UK Joint Committee, EU Commissioner Maroé Efsovic, at an extraordinary meeting in London, raised the EU`s concerns with Michael Gove and said that the adoption of the law «would constitute an extremely serious violation of the withdrawal agreement and international law».  The EU has called for the law to be withdrawn before the end of September, adding that «the European Union will not be reluctant» to use mechanisms and remedies to remedy violations of the legal obligations contained in the Brexit withdrawal agreement.  Gove stated that it had been «perfectly clear» that the United Kingdom would not withdraw the bill, which commentators said could mean the end of trade negotiations.  Andorra, San Marino and Turkey are part of the customs union with the EU. The UK`s future trade relations with these countries will be influenced by the UK`s agreement with the EU. The round of negotiations at the beginning of June again ended with «no significant progress,» but, as the Financial Times reported, «both sides then showed new signs of a willingness to compromise to reach an agreement.»  The EU has referred to «flexibility» in the application of its state aid rules and the UK has also accepted certain tariffs.  On this basis, EU trade agreements can continue to apply to the UK. The UK will leave the European Single Market and the EU Customs Union on 1 January 2021.  A trade agreement would facilitate trade between the EU and the UK, which accounts for 49% of international trade in the UK.  A Canadian-style trade agreement would offer the United Kingdom a reduction in most EU-UK tariffs, without removing VAT, customs and plant protection controls.  The rules for its dominant financial services sector are of particular importance to the United Kingdom.
 Security and enforcement issues include the European Convention on Human Rights, Europol, Eurojust and the European Arrest Warrant.  In April 2020, the UK`s request to maintain access to Europol and the Schengen Information System (without ECJ surveillance) databases met with a frosty response, particularly in Germany.  On 20 October 2020, Michael Gove (the relevant Minister) reiterated, in response to a question from former Prime Minister Theresa May, his government`s insistence that it would rather stop accessing these databases than accept ECJ surveillance, although Mrs May stressed its importance to the security and repression of the United Kingdom.  The table «Signed Trade Agreements», updated with the latest statistics from the Office for National Statistics On 20 November, von der Leyen said that after difficult weeks of very, very slow progress, there had been more movement on problematic issues.  The European Union expects a comprehensive trade agreement including trade, transport, foreign policy and fisheries.  Therefore, the decision of a dispute concerning the interpretation of EU law can only be decided by the European Court of Justice.  A new round of negotiations, which ended on 23 July, was again considered unsuccessful by both sides, with the prospect of «not reaching an agreement» being seen as increasingly likely, but not inevitable.  In April, commentators began to question the practicality of the UK`s timetable, amid concern from the United Kingdom and Member States about the rapidly worsening state of coronavirus emergency.